% Langford's number problem in MiniZinc.
%
% This model is based on the EssencePrime model in the Minion Translator examples:
%
% http://www.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~andrea/examples/langford/langford.eprime
% """
% Langford's number problem (CSP lib problem 24)
%
% Arrange 2 sets of positive integers 1..k to a sequence,
% such that, following the first occurence of an integer i,
% each subsequent occurrence of i, appears i+1 indices later
% than the last.
% For example, for k=4, a solution would be 41312432
% """
%
% Also see: http://www.csplib.org/Problems/prob024/
%
% However, I added a better representation were we see the numbers in their
% proper positions: the solution array.
%
% Model created by Hakan Kjellerstrand, hakank@gmail.com
%

% Licenced under CC-BY-4.0 : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

%
% Solution for k = 4:
% [4, 1, 3, 1, 2, 4, 3, 2]
%

include "globals.mzn";

int: k;
set of int: positionDomain = 1..2*k;

array[positionDomain] of var positionDomain: position;
% better presentation:
array[positionDomain] of var 1..k: solution;

solve :: int_search(position, first_fail, indomain_min, complete) satisfy;

constraint
forall(i in 1..k) (
position[i+k] = position[i] + i+1 /\
solution[position[i]] = i /\
solution[position[k+i]] = i
)
/\
all_different(position)
/\ % symmetry breaking
solution[1] < solution[2*k]
;

output [
show(solution), "\n"

];

%
% data
%
k = 4;
% k = 7;
% k = 8;
% k = 10;
% k = 20;