/* Social golfer problem in B-Prolog. CSPLib problem 10: http://www.csplib.org/Problems/prob010/index.html """ The coordinator of a local golf club has come to you with the following problem. In her club, there are 32 social golfers, each of whom play golf once a week, and always in groups of 4. She would like you to come up with a schedule of play for these golfers, to last as many weeks as possible, such that no golfer plays in the same group as any other golfer on more than one occasion. Possible variants of the above problem include: finding a 10-week schedule with ``maximum socialisation''; that is, as few repeated pairs as possible (this has the same solutions as the original problem if it is possible to have no repeated pairs), and finding a schedule of minimum length such that each golfer plays with every other golfer at least once (``full socialisation''). The problem can easily be generalized to that of scheduling m groups of n golfers over p weeks, such that no golfer plays in the same group as any other golfer twice (i.e. maximum socialisation is achieved). """ This model is a translation of the OPL code from http://www.dis.uniroma1.it/~tmancini/index.php?currItem=research.publications.webappendices.csplib2x.problemDetails&problemid=010 Model created by Hakan Kjellerstrand, hakank@gmail.com See also my B-Prolog page: http://www.hakank.org/bprolog/ */ % Licenced under CC-BY-4.0 : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ go :- Weeks = 5, Groups = 7, GroupSize = 3, Golfers is Groups * GroupSize, Golfer = 1..Golfers, Week = 1..Weeks, Group = 1..Groups, % decision variables new_array(Assign,[Golfers,Weeks]), array_to_list(Assign,Vars), Vars :: 1..Groups, % C1: Each group has exactly groupSize players foreach(Gr in Group, W in Week, sum([(Assign[G,W] #= Gr) : G in Golfer]) #= GroupSize ), % C2: Each pair of players only meets at most once foreach(G1 in Golfer,G2 in Golfer, W1 in Week, W2 in Week, (G1 \= G2, W1 \= W2 -> (Assign[G1,W1] #= Assign[G2,W1]) + (Assign[G1,W2] #= Assign[G2,W2]) #=< 1 ; true )), % SBSA: Symmetry-breaking by selective assignment % On the first week, the first groupSize golfers play in group 1, the % second groupSize golfers play in group 2, etc. On the second week, % golfer 1 plays in group 1, golfer 2 plays in group 2, etc. foreach(G in Golfer, Assign[G,1] #= ((G-1) // GroupSize) + 1), foreach(G in Golfer, (G =< GroupSize -> Assign[G,2] #= G;true)), labeling([ff], Vars), Rows @= Assign^rows, foreach(Row in Rows, writeln(Row)), nl.